How Long Does It Take for Cabbage to Grow

How Long Does It Take for Cabbage to Grow

How Long Does It Take for Cabbage to Grow

Cabbage, a versatile and nutritious vegetable, is a popular addition to many home gardens.

In this  article, we’ll dive into the growth stages of cabbage Plants, the factors that influence cabbage growth, from germination to maturation and providing you with all the information you need to cultivate healthy cabbage heads in your garden.

How to Grow Cabbage

How to Grow Cabbage

Cabbage cultivation involves several stages, each with its own unique requirements. Here’s a breakdown of the process:

Choosing the Right Cabbage Varieties


Selecting the appropriate cabbage variety is the first step. Varieties can differ in size, color, and maturation time. Some popular choices include green cabbage, red cabbage, and Savoy cabbage.

Preparing the Soil

Cabbage thrives in well-draining, nutrient-rich soil. Prepare the soil by adding compost and ensuring it has a pH level between 6.0 and 6.8. This sets the stage for healthy growth.

Planting Cabbage Seeds or Transplants

You have two options for planting cabbage: seeds or transplants. Seeds give you more control but require more time and care. Transplants are easier for beginners but require careful handling.

How Long Does It Take for Cabbage to Grow

Now, let’s address the burning question: “How long does it take for cabbage to grow?” The growth timeline is as follows:

Germination Phase

Cabbage seeds typically germinate within 7 to 14 days when kept in a warm, moist environment. This is the first visible sign of growth. To ensure optimal conditions for cabbage germination, it’s important to provide adequate moisture, temperature, and light.

To speed up cabbage seed germination, you can pre-soak the seeds overnight or use a seedling heat mat to maintain optimal temperature. It’s important to note that germination time may vary among different cabbage varieties, so consult the seed packet or supplier for specific information.

Here are some key factors to consider:

  • Moisture: Cabbage seeds require consistent moisture for successful germination. Dry conditions can hinder the process.
  • Temperature: Cabbage germinates best in temperatures between 60 to 70°F (15 to 21°C). Extreme heat or cold can delay germination.
  • Light: While cabbage seeds don’t require light to germinate, providing adequate light after germination promotes healthy growth.
  • Common issues: Issues such as fungal diseases, poor seed quality, and improper planting depth can affect cabbage germination.

Seedling Stage

During the seedling stage, cabbage plants develop their first set of true leaves. This usually takes about 3 to 4 weeks.

Cabbage seedlings undergo significant growth and development. Proper cabbage seedling care is crucial to ensure optimal growth.

Cabbage seedlings should be started indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost date. Provide them with adequate sunlight or artificial light for at least 14-16 hours a day. Maintain a temperature range between 65-75°F for optimal growing conditions.

When transplanting cabbage seedlings, choose a well-drained and fertile soil with a pH level of 6.0-6.8. Water the plants regularly, keeping the soil moist but not waterlogged. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to diseases like damping-off.

Common cabbage pests like aphids and cabbage worms can be controlled using organic insecticides or by introducing beneficial insects.

Growing Cabbage Heads

The time it takes for cabbage heads to mature depends on various factors, including temperature and cabbage variety. On average, expect cabbage heads to reach maturity in 70 to 120 days.


The final stage is when the cabbage head reaches its full size and matures. At this point, it’s important to monitor for pests and diseases and provide proper soil conditions to ensure a healthy harvest.

Factors That Affect Cabbage Growth 

You should consider various factors that can affect how long cabbage takes to grow.

Pest control is an important aspect to consider as pests like aphids and cabbage worms can damage the plants, leading to slower growth.

Ensuring soil fertility is crucial, as cabbage requires nutrient-rich soil for optimal growth.

Maintaining the right watering frequency is also essential, as inconsistent or excessive watering can hinder the growth process.

Temperature requirements play a significant role, as cabbage prefers cooler temperatures between 45-75°F (7-24°C) for faster growth.

Sunlight exposure is another key factor, as cabbage requires at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily.

Caring for Your Cabbage Plants

Caring for Your Cabbage Plants
source: Thicha studio

To ensure a successful cabbage harvest, it’s essential to provide proper care throughout the growing process:


Cabbage needs consistent moisture.  Water deeply and evenly to prevent drought stress. Regularly check the soil moisture by sticking your finger about an inch into the ground. If it feels dry at that depth, it’s time to water.

Overwatering Cabbage: when you overwater your cabbage it leads to root rot, stunted growth and wash away essential nutrients from the soil, causing nutrient deficiencies in your cabbage plants.

Underwatering Cabbage: Cabbage plants need consistent moisture to grow well. Insufficient water can stress the plants, resulting in stunted growth,  smaller cabbage heads and reduces cabbage crop’s yield.


Apply a balanced fertilizer during the growing season to provide essential nutrients. Follow package instructions for the best results.

Pest and Disease Management

Cabbage can be susceptible to pests like cabbage worms and diseases like clubroot. Regularly inspect your plants and take appropriate measures to protect them.

Thinning and Spacing

Thin out seedlings to provide adequate spacing for mature plants. Proper spacing prevents overcrowding and promotes healthier growth.

Harvesting Cabbage at the Right Time

Harvesting Cabbage at the Right Time

To determine the right time to harvest your cabbage, pay attention to the firmness of the heads and the color of the outer leaves. Here are some tips to help you harvest your cabbage at the optimal time:

  • Firmness: Gently squeeze the cabbage heads. If they feel firm and solid, it’s a good sign that they’re ready for harvest. Avoid harvesting if the heads feel soft or spongy.
  • Color: Look at the outer leaves of the cabbage. They should have a vibrant, rich color. If the leaves start to turn yellow or wilt, it’s a sign that the cabbage is past its prime.
  • Common Mistakes: One common mistake is harvesting the cabbage too early. This can result in undersized heads that lack flavor and texture. Another mistake is waiting too long, leading to overripe cabbage that becomes tough and bitter.
  • Storage Tips: After harvesting, remove any loose outer leaves and store the cabbage in a cool, dark place. It can be stored in the refrigerator for up to two weeks.


In conclusion, the time it takes for cabbage to grow varies depending on several factors such as temperature, soil conditions, and variety. On average, cabbage seeds germinate in about 7 to 10 days, followed by a seedling development period of approximately 4 to 6 weeks.

The growth stages of cabbage plants can range from 70 to 120 days, depending on the variety. Factors like sunlight, water, and fertilization also influence cabbage maturation time. Harvesting at the right time ensures optimal taste and texture.

For a bountiful harvesting, provide consistent care and create favorable growing conditions.

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